European Union Approves € 1.7 Billion
to Support Agri-Voltaics in Italy

The European Commission has given the green light to an Italian plan to provide EUR 1.7 billion in state aid. This funding, partly provided through the Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF), is intended to support the construction of agri-voltaic plants in Italy.
The initiative is part of Italy’s strategy to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and increase the use of renewable energy, thus aligning with the objectives of the European Green Deal.

The Italian Regime

The aid programme will run until 31 December 2024 and benefits from partial financing through the RRF, thanks to the approval of the Italian Recovery and Resilience Plan by the Commission and the Council.
This scheme aims to support the construction and operation of new agri-voltaic plants in Italy, which will have a total capacity of 1.04 GW and an expected annual production of at least 1,300 GWh of electricity. Agri-voltaic systems allow the same land to be used both for solar energy production, through the installation of solar panels, and for agricultural activities.

Aid Details

Financial aid will be granted to agricultural producers in two forms:
  • Investment subsidies: a total fund of EUR 1.1 billion covering up to 40 per cent of eligible costs.
  • Incentive tariffs: a fund of EUR 560 million, payable during the operation of the project for 20 years. The tariffs will be set through competitive auctions, based on the ‘pay-as-bid’ principle, and will provide for two-way contracts to cover the difference between the tariffs themselves and the market prices of energy. In the event of high energy prices, a claw-back mechanism will allow for the reimbursement of any surplus compared to the incentive tariffs
Projects will be selected through an open, fair and transparent tendering process, and beneficiaries must be operational by 30 June 2026 to be eligible for aid.

Commission Evaluation

The Commission examined the scheme based on EU state aid rules, in particular Article 107(3)(c) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, which allows states to support certain economic activities under specific conditions. The measure was deemed necessary and proportionate to achieve Italian and European environmental objectives, including safeguards such as a competitive auction for granting aid and a claw-back mechanism in the event of rising energy prices. The aid is seen as an incentive to make investments that would not otherwise take place, and its environmental benefits have been judged to outweigh any potential negative effects on competitive conditions. Based on these assessments, the Commission approved the aid scheme.

General Context

All investments and reforms involving state aid, including those in national recovery and resilience plans, must be notified to the Commission for prior approval, except in cases of exemption. The Commission provides guidance and support to facilitate the rapid implementation of the RRF, ensuring compliance with state aid rules to minimise market distortions and encourage private investment. The updated 2022 guidelines will help Member States to effectively support environmental and climate protection in line with the goals of the Green Deal, including increasing renewable energy production and reducing energy consumption.

MASE Decree

The Ministry of Environment and Energy Security (MASE) has launched a new decree to promote innovative agri-voltaics, with the aim of installing more than 1.04 gigawatts of plants that combine renewable energy production and agriculture. This decree, effective on 14 February, is supported by financial incentives from the NRP, which include a non-repayable grant of up to 40 per cent of eligible costs and feed-in tariffs for the energy produced. The operating rules will be defined by the GSE within fifteen days, and the procedures to access the incentives, including registers and competitive tenders, will take place in 2024. For more information and details on the decree and how to participate, visit the MASE website at the following link

How Does the Design of an Agri-Voltaic Plant Work?

The design of an agri-voltaic plant is a complex process that requires deep interdisciplinary and precise knowledge of various fields, including engineering, agronomy and biochemistry. The local climatic specificity and the crops grown on the land play a key role in shaping the system to meet both energy and agricultural production needs. A typical agri-voltaic system includes several key components:
Solar Panels

They are the heart of the system, in charge of converting sunlight into electrical energy.

Operating System

It can be either fixed or solar tracking, the latter allowing the panels to orient themselves by following the movement of the sun to maximise efficiency.

Supporting Structure

It supports photovoltaic panels, ensuring stability and weather resistance.

Ground anchorage

The foundations that fix the supporting structure to the ground are essential for the durability and safety of the installation.

Personalised PVclick services

At PVclick, we understand the importance of an installation that is perfectly tailored to your specific needs. For this reason, we help distributors and installers to import not only standard solar panels but also customised solutions directly from manufacturers. Find out more on the agri-voltaic page

Transparent Panels

These transparent panels are ideal for a variety of applications, including skylights, roofing and façades. They offer not only functionality but also attractive aesthetics, integrating harmoniously with any architectural design. You can customise the level of transparency according to the requirements of your project, ensuring seamless integration and increasing the aesthetic value of the building. Find out more on the transparent panels page.

Installation Considerations

An effective installation plan considers variables such as the type of system (fixed or tracking), the height above ground, the materials used, the distance between modules, the angle of inclination and the type and percentage of shading desired. At PVclick, we support you at every stage, from material selection to direct import, ensuring that every component of the system is optimised for your specific needs. With the European Commission’s recent approval of EUR 1.7 billion in state aid to promote the construction of agri-voltaic plants in Italy, now is the ideal time to invest in this innovative and sustainable technology. The financial aid will cover a significant part of the investment costs and support the operation of the plants for the next 20 years, making this an unmissable opportunity for agricultural producers and investors in the renewable energy sector.

For more information on how we can help you realise your agri-voltaic project, visit our website or contact us directly.